Mondia whitei

Mondia whitei

$0.12

Minimum exportable: 10 Kilogram or Elements or Foots
Origin Port: Douala, Cameroon
Payment methods: L/C,T/T,Western Union,MoneyGram
Sales methods: F.O.B

Catégorie :

Description

Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels is a perennial herbaceous/woody climber belonging to the family Apocynaceae, and as with most members of this family, has milky latex. Two species are recognised, the other being Mondia ecornuta (N.E. Br.) Bullock.[1] Known in some localities as ‘gondolosi’, the rootstock is often collected for medicinal use. It occurs at elevations of 1000 – 1500 m in moist to wet forests, and even in swampy grassland, across Sub-Saharan Africa; it is recorded from Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Angola. In Kenya its roots are heavily collected, and this often kills the plant.[2] Some initiatives propagate the species to supply the commercial demand and attempt to re-establish the species in the wild.[3]

With older stems becoming woody, it grows from a tuberous rootstock which has a ginger or liquorice taste and an aroma reminiscent of vanilla. The opposite leaves are large (100–300 x 50–150 mm) with a cordate base and 30–55 mm long petioles which, with the lower-surface veins, are often reddish-purple. The false stipules are large and fimbriaceous. The inflorescence is axillary and branched, flowers are short-lived, lasting 3–4 days. Petals are reddish-purple, ± 14 mm long and with a green edge. The flowers are unusually large for the subfamily Periplocoideae, and have a malodorous fruity scent which grows as the day progresses. The paired large fruits or follicles (75–100 x 44 mm) are semi-woody with a velvety surface.

Mondia is from the Zulu word for the plant, ‘umondi’. The species commemorates A.S. White, a South African farmer, who sent specimens to Kew to John Croumbie Brown, Colonial Botanist at the Cape, who sent them on to Joseph Dalton Hooker, who described the species. The species is widely used in traditional medicine. It is used as an antacid, countering indigestion, a galactagogue, and as a tonic and appetite stimulant. Infusions of the root are used against anorexia and bilharzia. It is used as therapy for fits in children and stress in adults. The roots are employed as an aphrodisiac, for the treatment of erectile dysfunction and impotence. Infusions of the roots are taken as a general analgesic.[4]

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